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20 prednosti in slabosti e-učenja v virtualnih učilnicah v živo | 4 brezplačna orodja | 2024 Razkriva

Predstavitev

Lawrence Haywood 16 april, 2024 18 min branja

Ste novi v spletnem poučevanju? Prednosti in slabosti e-učenja so lahko malo nejasno najprej.

Kljub temu z našimi učilnicami in našim svetom postaja vse bolj vedno bolj oddaljena, there's never been a better time to learn the what, why and how of digital education.

Here's a bumper list of 20 prednosti in slabosti e-učenja v virtualni učilnici v živo, pa tudi 4 brezplačna orodja ki vam lahko pomaga pri predavanjih, da privabijo bolj oddaljene učence!

Vaš vodnik za prednosti in slabosti e-učenja

12 prednosti e-učenja

1. Prilagodljivost

Let's start with the obvious, shall we?

Sposobnost učenja od kjer koli in brez potrebe po poti je verjetno ena največjih prednosti e-učenja.

It's an absolute lifeline to students who...

  • Živeti v oddaljenih območjih.
  • Moram priti javni prevoz v šolo.
  • Moral bi biti bližje domu za zdravstvenih ali drugih razlogov.

And it's not just geographical flexibility we're talking about here. Prilagodljivost v času means that teachers with a good amount of authority about their own class schedules can arrange their online class around their students' lives.

If it's a nice day outside, and you're one of those 'kul' učitelji, vaši učenci morda ne bodo imeli težav s prerazporeditvijo predavanj za zvečer.

2. Ogromen dvig samostojnih veščin

Študentje, ki se učijo samostojnega dela; ena izmed prednosti med prednostmi in slabostmi e-učenja.

Dejstvo, da skupinsko delo pri učenju na daljavo ni tako enostavno, ni nujno slabo. Bolj poudarja samostojno delo, ki se bo kasneje v življenju verjetno oblikovalo večino dela, ki ga opravljajo študentje.

In fact, this is especially beneficial if you're teaching secondary (high) school students. More solo work prepares them nicely for university, where they'll largely be expected to work independently.

Seveda pa nič od tega ne pomeni, da je skupinsko delo povsem iz mize. Večina programske opreme za video klice to omogoča izstopne sobe, kjer lahko študentje opravljajo skupinsko delo v ločenem video klicu, preden se ponovno pridružijo glavnemu.

3. Priprava na oddaljeno prihodnost

Of all the pros and cons of e-learning, this one will probably have the biggest long-term effect on your students' working futures.

We all know that we're heading to a prihodnost dela na daljavo, but the stats say it might be here sooner than you'd think:

We probably don't need a crystal ball to see that there's a hefty amount of Zoom calling in your students' futures. Setting them up with this skill now might not seem like a skill, but familiarity with online video calling is certainly going to stand them in good stead later on.

4. Pot bolj interaktivna

The sad truth of the modern school system is that it's not modern at all. We're still largely teaching our learners through the same one-way information dump that we were in Victorian times.

E-učenje nam daje priložnost obrnite skript.

The online interactive tools available in 2021 let teachers truly engage their students through 2-way and group discourse. Here are a few ways to involve students with very little preparation...

  • Vprašanja in odgovori - An orderly question-and-answer session where students can anonymously (or not) ask the teacher questions about the subject matter. These Q&A sessions can be saved to revisit later.
  • Ankete v živo - Multiple choice questions asked in real-time that students vote on from home. This can be used to gather opinions or test understanding of a topic.
  • Brainstorming - Open-ended questions and besedni oblaki allow your students to freely offer their ideas and discuss others'.
  • Kvizi - A super fun, points-based method to test understanding in a team or solo is a kviz v živo. In some software, each students' quiz responses can be tied into an analytics report.
Nadomestno besedilo

Dvignite glas, dvignite roke.

Oglejte si to predlogo za sodelovanje z 12 diapozitivi na AhaSlides. Ankete, izmenjave idej, kvizi in igre - prenos ni potreben, 100% brezplačno!

zgrabi predlogo!

5. Uporaba spletnih dokumentov je izjemno vrhunska

Varčevanje s papirjem in boljša organizacija s spletnimi dokumenti; ena izmed prednosti med prednostmi in slabostmi e-učenja.

Like we said, education isn't the only thing to have gone online in 2020. Collaborative online software, like Miro, Trello and Figma really stepped up their game at the turn of the decade.

Za učitelje je bila ena največjih koristi e-učenja v zadnjih nekaj letih Google Drive. Popolnoma brezplačno jim omogoča izdelavo in skupno rabo dokumentov in map, spremljanje domačih nalog in sodelovanje z drugimi učitelji pri gradivih za učence.

For students, having access to shared folders means that everything is already perfectly organised for them. They can leave comments on anything they don't understand and have those questions answered by the teacher or fellow students.

6. Super zelena

Here's one of the e-learning pros and cons with the potential for a massive impact on your students' futures.

Prehod na spletno učenje pomeni odstop od trošenje energije at a physical school. Lights, gas, equipment, etc., it's all saved energy! Not to mention an average school can save literally millions of litres of fuel each year on transportation for students and teachers.

Naturally, there's many positive knock-on effects for this. Aside from benefitting everyone's future, you'll likely feel a pretty healthy benefit in your own wallet.

7. Enostavno organiziranje in povzetek

In the offline model, classes are just very brief bursts of information that have to battle against the everyday distractions of a growing student. It's often hard for a student to remember something they were learning about just yesterday.

V spletu je to veliko manjši problem. Študenti lahko dostop do prejšnjih informacij veliko, veliko lažje:

  • vprašanja in odgovori - Pisna seja vprašanj in vprašanj pomeni, da so vsa vprašanja, zastavljena na lekciji, zabeležena.
  • Recording sessions - Programska oprema za video v živo vam omogoča, da posnamete svojo lekcijo in delite celotno stvar ali njene izbrane dele s svojimi učenci.
  • mape v skupni rabi - All students can access Q&A logs, video recordings, documents, materials and so much more from shared online folders.

Pri e-učenju je vse trajno. Enkratnih lekcij, razprav ali anket ni; vse, o čemer lahko poučujete ali se pogovarjate s svojimi učenci Zabeležena, dokumentirano in pozvan kadar je treba informacije ponovno pregledati.

8. Veliko nadzora

You might assume it's easy for kids to slack off when the only thing keeping them tethered to their learning is a camera.

Well, when parents are likewise working from home, there's a lot more incentive for students to stay osredotočili na svoje učenje.

Seveda je tudi tehnologija na voljo, da zapolni vrzeli. Obstaja več kosov brezplačna programska oprema to view students' computer screens, take control of them and lock the student's screen if they're refusing to co-operate.

9. Dokaz za pandemijo

You've probably figured this one out for yourself: e-learning will be the best way to continue education when the next pandemic hits.

Medtem ko je bil Coronavirus nekoliko grd testni zagon za e-učenje, lahko domnevamo, da bodo učitelji in učenci veliko bolje pripravljeni naslednjič. Ko se to zgodi, lahko vlade in šole financirajo in sprejmejo postopke e-učenja za zagotovitev nemotenega učenja.

There'll be less training involved and students will spend less time getting acquainted with the changes.

Alternativa, polna 2 let off school, doesn't bear thinking about.

10. Anonimno sodelovanje

As teachers, we've all wondered how to get the shy kids to pipe up.

Resničnost je taka, da bodo učenci, ki se obotavljajo govoriti pred poukom, veliko bolj verjetno prispevali če lahko to storijo anonimno.

Veliko interaktivne programske opreme edtech omogoča študentom, da anonimno odgovarjajo in zastavljajo vprašanja ter se brez strahu pred zadrego vključujejo v razprave. S tem jim ne samo pomaga pri učenju, ampak tudi dosledno gradi dragoceno zaupanje če se naredi in večkrat pohvali.

11. Naložljivi načrti lekcije

Remember that these many pros and cons of e-learning don't just affect the students, they affect the teacher as well.

Učitelji v povprečju porabijo na teden 12-14 ur svojega časa izdelava učnih načrtov in označevanje. Toda nova tehnologija omogoča učiteljem, da sprejmejo velika razdelite ta čas za pripravo.

Zdaj obstajajo ogromne knjižnice učnih načrtov, tem za razprave, ocene in kvizi, ki so jih pripravili in delili kolegi učitelji takoj brezplačno naložite o programski opremi edutech.

Želite kos tiste prihranek časa? We've got a great free template below.

Nadomestno besedilo


Brezplačna predloga
Ocenjevanje učnega sloga

Odkrijte učne sloge svojih učencev s to anketo z 25 vprašanji.


Preizkusite brezplačno!

Če želite uporabiti to predlogo:

  1. Za prikaz predloge kliknite zgornji gumb.
  2. Uredite vse, kar vam je všeč v predlogi (vprašanja, barve, slike itd.)
  3. Delite ga s svojimi študenti prek edinstvene sobne kode. Na vsa vprašanja in razprave (v živo ali v živo) se lahko odzovejo s pametnimi telefoni.

Psst, kliknite tukaj, če želite izvedeti več o uporabi ocenjevanje učnega sloga predlogo.

12. Organizirana analitika

Stop us if you've heard this one before: exams are daleč from the best way to assess your students' performances.

Dosledna ocena skozi vse leto je bolj učinkovito in zelo zaželena večina študentov do enkratnega, obremenjenega izpita na koncu.

Edtech analytical tools help teachers to measure student performance in every quiz that they do. Here's what they reveal and how they can be a massive advantage to online learning:

  1. Skupni rezultati (odstotek študentov, ki so pravilno odgovorili).
  2. Najtežja vprašanja (razkrije vprašanja z najmanj pravilnimi odgovori).
  3. Nastop vsakega učenca v kvizu.
  4. Poročilo o uspešnosti za vsakega študenta v primerjavi s prejšnjimi nastopi.

Google Analytics je na voljo za prenos v obsežno preglednico. Preglednice so super organizirano in enostavno iskanje, kar je nadvse dobrodošlo odmikanje od debelih študentskih map, ki se prelivajo s papirnatimi ocenami.

Boljše razmišljanje z AhaSlides

8 slabosti e-učenja

1. Zaroka ni enostavna

Dolgčas študentje so ena od negativnih točk za in proti e-učenju.

Od vseh prednosti in slabosti e-učenja je to verjetno najpogostejši komentar, ki ga slišimo.

If you've taught online before, you'll have been met with a wall of silent student faces. No one's engaged, and here's probably why:

  • Študentje se še vedno navajajo na neznano okolje.
  • Študenti se počutijo preveč izpostavljeni, ker imajo obraz na zaslonu, da ga lahko vsi vidijo.
  • Učence motijo ​​stvari doma.
  • The students don't have the chance to work in groups.
  • Učenci so navajeni aktivnega pouka.
  • The teacher doesn't know how to modify their regular approach to accommodate online learners.
  • The software students are using is too confusing or hasn't been explained to them properly.

How to Fix it...

V resnici lahko obstajajo številni razlogi, zakaj se vaši učenci trudijo najti fokus, ki je potreben za vašo spletno lekcijo. Vaša naloga kot učitelja je, da te ovire odpravite z poukom so engaging that your students can't look away.

Creating engaging online lessons is no walk in the park, but here's a few quick tips to use straight away:

  • Uporabite v živo interaktivna programska oprema (z anketami v živo, kvizi in vsemi dobrimi stvarmi, o katerih smo se pogovarjali nad).
  • Uporaba dejavnosti ledoloma in lessons to settle early tension. (We've got a whole bunch of ideas tukaj!)
  • Uporaba izstopne sobe na video programski opremi za zamenjavo med samostojnim in skupinskim delom.

2. Tehnologije nimajo vsi

Simply put, you can't expect all of your students to be able to get the tech required to participate in online classes. Some of them may be from underprivileged families and might not have the funds available for a laptop, a decent internet connection or pay-to-use software.

Poleg tega je veliko učencev manj nadarjenih s tehnologijo kot drugi. Tudi s tehniko in celo z vodstvom se bodo morda trudili, da bi jo uporabili.

How to Fix it...

Če imate to moč, je najboljši način za odpravo te velike pomanjkljivosti e-učenja poskusiti asinhrono učenje. That's learning through set materials that can be accessed at any time of the day without the need for a v živo virtualna učilnica.

That way, students can participate in e-learning whenever and wherever possible. They can use computers at libraries or friends' houses to get stuck into their studies without being hindered by the lack of tech at their own house.

3. Tehnična vprašanja

We've all, at some point in our lives, been in a position where previously flawless technology has let us down at the natančna trenutek, ko ga potrebujemo.

'Frustration' doesn't quite cut it, and 'apopletic rage' is something that you should obviously never show in front of your students.

Žal se zgodijo tehnične težave. V virtualnih učilnicah lahko igrajo opustošenje, izkoreninjenje konstruktivnega toka pouka in vodi do tega, da učenci postanejo moteči ali popolnoma nezanimivi.

How to Fix it...

Tehnične težave nikoli ne morete napovedati, vedno pa se lahko pripravite na izogibanje težavi:

  • Preizkusite! Zdi se očitno, kajne? Kljub temu obstaja veliko učiteljev, ki uporabljajo novo programsko opremo, ne da bi jo predhodno temeljito pregledali. Vsako funkcijo, ki jo nameravate uporabiti, preizkusite dvakrat ali trikrat.
  • Rezerva! Tudi po testiranju se lahko od nikoder pojavi nekaj povsem novega problema, ki povzroča bes. Poiščite programsko opremo, ki nudi podobno storitev kot prva izbira, in jo izberite.

4. Težje je nadzorovati razred

Prej smo že omenili, da je eden od e-učenja pro, da se obseg nadzora, ki ga prejmejo študenti, dejansko poveča v spletu. Kljub temu, da so na voljo orodja za upravljanje učilnic, vam omogočajo, da se samo z učenci, ki se slabo obnašajo, ukvarjate samostojno.

If you've got a class riot on your hand, it can be difficult to know what to do.

How to Fix it...

There's no one-size-fits all for this one. Just a few ways you can approach your virtual lessons to zmanjšajte tveganje za neprimerno vedenje:

  • Nastavite pravila jasno na začetku tečaja ali celo na začetku vsake lekcije.
  • Povečajte interakcija študentov v vašem razredu: tako učitelj učencu kot študent učencu.
  • Obdrži stvari raznolika - a stagnant, tedious lesson is a breeding ground for misbehaviour.

5. Poučevanje lahko trpi

Študentov je težje naučiti enega na enega, ko delajo v virtualni učilnici v živo.
Slika z dovoljenjem Slate.

Regardless of who, what or how you're teaching, some of your students are going to need pomoč.

V fizični učilnici se učitelj lahko preprosto sprehaja po sobi in pomaga tistemu, ki potrebuje pomoč. V virtualni učilnici to interakcijo bolj zaplete 29 drugih učencev, ki poslušajo.

For shy students or students with learning disabilities, the thought of this very public 'one-on-one' can easily be enough for them not to ask for help. And still, a learning breakdown like this can be very detrimental to their future understanding.

How to Fix it...

Just because you don't technically have an office doesn't mean that you can't have virtualni delovni čas.

Letting your students know that they can speak to you privately and virtually at any time gives them a big incentive to seek help outside of class. Addressing individual learning breakdowns this way is fairer to your student and doesn't disrupt learning for others.

6. Študentje se težje družijo

When your students look fondly back on their school days, it's unlikely that they'll mention anything that happened in 2020-21.

The care-free days that we're always waxing lyrical about as adults is passing a lot of this generation by. Socialising is ogromen del šole, and there's nothing virtual that can truly replicate it...

How to Fix it...

...Except for video games.

If there's ever a time to recommend video games to your students, zdaj je ta čas.

Številnim študentom so igre za več igralcev služile kot družabno rešilno sredstvo za zaklepanje. Skupno sodelovanje v igrah lahko nadomesti del interakcije, enotnosti in preproste zabave, ki ji primanjkuje e-učenja.

If your students aren't into games, there are some great online group activities for kids tukaj.

7. Povečaj utrujenost

Predstavljajte si, da ste imeli predavanja že dve leti zapored v isti sobi. Ni lepa ideja, kajne?

Not too long after you start, you'd most certainly get utrujenost v sobi. No, študentje se danes borijo Povečaj utrujenost; produkt sedenja v isti sobi in gledanja v računalniški zaslon več kot 6 ur na dan.

Še posebej potrebujejo mlajši študentje vizualna in slušna stimulacija, vendar najpogosteje virtualna učilnica tega ne uspe zagotoviti. Zaradi tega lahko pri pouku izgubijo fokus in postanejo nemotivirani za učenje.

How to Fix it...

Of all the pros and cons of e-learning, this one's probably the hardest to figure out. Zoom fatigue is a phenomenon that accrues over time and likewise can only be negated with consistent and long-term action.

Oglejte si te zabavne, utrujajoče ideje:

  • Okrasite svojo učilnico - Spend lesson time with students to create themed decorations around the subject material of your class. Then, get your students to hang them up around their home classroom.
  • Tematski kostumi - Set as homework a task to create a themed costume based on what you're teaching. Students can use any materials, but have to explain their costume when they arrive in class.
  • Igraj igre - Educational games can keep focus sharp and minds off the fact that they're in their 8th Zoom lesson of the day. We've got a banger list of virtual game ideas tukaj!

8. Pomanjkanje gibanja

Ali ste vedeli, da po 10 minutah sedenja, otroci začnejo izgubljati fokus in so zaspani? Medtem ko čas starejših študentov zamuja, velja isto načelo: vaši učenci treba premakniti.

Ena od značilnosti prednosti in slabosti e-učenja je, da obstajata tako prilagodljivost kot tudi togost. Glede togosti učenci običajno uporabljajo en stol v virtualni učilnici in imajo zelo malo spodbud, da bi ga zapustili ves šolski dan.

Poleg dolgočasnega psihološkega učinka, ki ga ima na vaše učence, spodbuja tudi lenobo in lahko vodi po zelo nezdravi poti.

How to Fix it...

Check out these top-notch brain breaks, which especially work wonders with younger students...

  • Gibanja z več izbirami - If you have a multiple choice question, provide each answer option with an accompanying movement. Students answer by performing the movement of their chosen answer.
  • Lov na smetarje - Give students a time limit to find all the household items on a list and then show them on camera. For older learners, the items can be more conceptual.
  • Vsak od kratkih možganov vdre Ta odličen članek!

Učinkovito anketirajte z AhaSlides

4 brezplačna orodja za virtualno učilnico v živo

So, we've had a comprehensive look at some of the pros and cons of e-learning that you have to consider for the live virtual classroom. To eradicate the cons and emphasise the pros of online learning, you're going to need a precej velik toolbox.

Check out these free-to-use e-learning tools below...

Tool #1 - excalidraw

Excalidraw is a free communal whiteboard that lets you and your students draw together. It's a great tool for ilustrirajo zgodbe, vizualiziranje konceptov or igranje iger!

Uporaba Excalidrawa za poustvarjanje knjižnih znakov.
Ilustracija lika iz knjige o Excalidrawu.

Tool #2 - Veyon

Številni učitelji upravičeno oklevajo pri uporabi programske opreme za nadzor zaslona v virtualni učilnici. Ampak, Veyon ponuja veliko več kot to.

Seveda vam Veyon omogoča spremljanje zaslonov in zaklepanje študentov pred sejami, hkrati pa vam daje moč, da prevzamete nadzor nad zasloni, kar pomeni, da lahko pomoč pri delovnih listih in popraviti.

Spremljanje študentov in pomoč pri delu. V kontekstu prednosti in slabosti e-učenja je Veyon lahko zelo koristen.
Uporaba Veyona za spremljanje zaslonov in reševanje posameznih učnih razčlenitev. Slika z dovoljenjem Veyon.

Tool #3 - Flipgrid

Flipgrid je namenjen ohranjanju stvari socialna v teh oddaljenih časih.

It's a free tool that lets you create a discussion topic and share it exclusively with your students. Then, it encourages students to film a video response in which they can pogovor, opravlja or zgraditi nekaj povezane z vašo temo.

Uporaba flipgrida za oblikovanje tem za razprave in prejemanje videoodzivov vaših študentov.

Orodje št. 4: AhaSlides

If you're still using one-way Google Slides or Powerpoint presentations for your online lessons, it's time to get interaktivno.

AhaSlides je brezplačno orodje, ki študentom omogoča, da se odzovejo na vaša vprašanja, glasujejo v vaših anketah in igrajo kvize in igre v živo s svojih telefonov. Vse, kar morate storiti, je ustvariti predstavitev, deliti kodo sobe s svojimi študenti in skupaj napredovati.

Uporaba kviza o AhaSlides za vključevanje učencev v spletno učilnico v živo.
Igranje kviza s študenti z uporabo AhaSlides.

AhaSlides deluje tudi za asinhrono učenje. Ustvarite lahko gradivo, dodate ankete in vprašanja, nato pa pustite študentom, da zaključijo tečaj v času, ki jim ustreza.

Bi radi poskusili? Brezplačno se prijavite na AhaSlides s klikom na spodnji gumb!

We hope this article on the pros and cons of e-learning has helped clear up some of the benefits and drawbacks of online learning. We hope that we've shown you, in some small way, a few methods you can use to adapt your teaching into the digital sphere. Vso srečo!

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